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Do you know what it is to eat healthy?

The health and good functioning of our body depends on the nutrition and nutrition that we have during life.

Food and Nutrition even when they seem to mean the same thing, they are different concepts.

Food allows us to take from the environment that surrounds us, the food of the diet (from the mouth to the outside) and Nutrition is the set of processes that allow our body to use the nutrients contained in food to perform its functions (from the mouth to inside).

Food is all natural or industrialized products that we consume to cover a physiological need (hunger).

Nutrients are substances that are found inside food and that the body needs to perform different functions and maintain health. There are five types of nutrients called: Proteins or Protides, Fats or Lipids, Carbohydrates or Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals.


  • Proteins

    They are the bricks necessary to grow and repair damage to the body.

    They are found in meats (beef, poultry, hunting), fish, shellfish, crustaceans, eggs, milk, cheeses, sausages (bologna, sausages, salami), beans such as beans, beans, peas, lentils.

  • Carbohydrates

    They give us energy and warmth to move and develop all the daily activities. They are of vegetable origin.

    They are found in cereals: corn, wheat, rice, sorghum and their products (flours, pastas) tubers or vegetables: potatoes, yams, celery, cassava, ocumo, Chinese ocumo, mapuey, sweet potato; banana; sugar (white or brown), honey and paper, grains such as beans of all colors, peas, lentils, chickpeas, beans, pigeon pea.

  • Fat

    They are the most concentrated source of energy for our body and brain. They participate in different specific functions and are part of the tissues of the body and some vitamins and hormones. They are a source of calories for children, but adults should consume it in moderation.

    They are found in red meats, chicken skin, milk, butter and cheese, vegetable oils (sunflower, corn, sesame, cotton), margarine, avocado, olives, some seeds such as peanuts, merey, pistachio, almonds, walnuts.

  • Vitamins

    They are vitamins A, D, E, K, C, B complex and Folic acid.

    They perform essential functions for the organism. They help in the process of energy transformation and favor the body's defense system against diseases.

    They are found in almost all foods, especially in fruits, vegetables and foods of animal origin.

  • Minerals

    Among the main minerals are: calcium, iron, iodine and zinc.

    They participate in various specific functions and are part of the tissues of the body (eg, calcium forms and maintains bones and teeth, iron is part of the blood). The minerals intervene in the growth, reproduction of the human being, muscle function, among others.

    They are found mainly in foods of animal origin.

  • Fiber

    The fiber helps to expel faeces easily, prevents colon cancer and reduces blood cholesterol.

    It is found in foods of vegetable origin such as vegetables (carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumber), fruits (melon, leg, orange, apple), grains (beans, peas, lentils, beans), vegetables (yucca, celery, nañe, sweet potato) and whole grains.


Foods are classified into three basic groups, according to the function of the nutrients they contain:

Group Foods that make it up
Plastic food or repairers
They contain more protein
Milk, meats (beef, poultry, hunting), eggs, fish, sausages, cheese, yogurt.
Regulatory foods
They contain more vitamins and minerals.
Fruits (melon, leg, orange, apple) and vegetables (lettuce, carrot, cabbage, tomato).
Energetic food
They contain more carbohydrates and fats.
Cereals (corn, rice, wheat, sorghum), grains (beans, beans, lentils), tubers (also called vegetables such as ocher, potato, cassava), banana, oils, margarine, butter, mayonnaise.
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